An Useful Essay on Management!
The management is a profession. It is supported by the growing management consciousness in India and by an awareness of the necessity for getting existing knowledge and more sophistication in the job of managing. A committee was set up as early as in 1949 by the All-India Council of Technical Education to investigate the possibilities of including industrial and business management as a subject for various educational institutions.
This resulted in the formation of a Board of Business School and Management Studies in 1953 with the objective of formulating courses of study in Business Management. Specifically after the First Five Year Plan, the managerial job became obvious and the mid-fifties witnessed a movement towards improving managerial skills through proper educational facilities.
The Administrative Staff College of India at Hyderabad was constituted- on the lines of Henely, which trains about a thousand managers a year. Besides” this, six IIM’s (Indian Institutes of Management) were formed at Ahmedabad, Calcutta, and Bangalore, Lucknow, Indore, and Kozikhode. The first two were set up with the help of Harvard MIT (Sloan) respectively.
Management courses and subjects have now been started in various universities at undergraduate and post-graduate levels, as well in other educational institutions. For instance 31 universities offer business administration courses of 2 to 3 years’ duration, full time or part-time. Twenty years back, the number of management schools was less than fifty. At present their number is more than 950.
It includes universities, IIMs and non-university and non-government institutions opened by private entrepreneurs. The institutes of management, the universities and other institutes offering training courses in management have their eyes on the pre- recruitment type of training. Training in also needed for existing managers.
Such educational facilities are made available not only by a few educational institutions but by several local management associations such as Ludhiana Management Association, which have been formed in different parts of India. These are local chapters of the All-India Management Association with its head office in Delhi.
All these management associations hold seminars, lectures and management development programmes for different management levels. The aim is to provide them with orientation as well as depth courses and to strengthen the management movement in India. Briefly the purpose is to communicate existing knowledge of theory and practice of management and to make the managers more effective in their job.
Apart from this, there are other agencies like the National Productivity Council (N.P.C.) and the Local Productivity Councils (LPC’s) like the Bombay Productivity Council (BPC) imparting education and training.
These are aimed at increasing productivity in industrial activity through the use of scientific methods of management as well as modern concepts and techniques of productivity. There are many local productivity councils in India.
In addition, some companies like Tatas and Hindustan Lever have introduced their own management development facilities which are used either exclusively or in collaboration with external institutions for the development of their own managers.