This article throws light upon the top eight ways to build high morale in workers. The ways are: 1. Encourage Participation 2. Work Environment 3. Communication 4. Integration of Individual Goals with Organisational Goals 5. Sound Organisation Structure 6. Employee-Oriented Approach 7. Job Design 8. Development Facilities.
Way # 1. Encourage Participation:
Workers’ participation in the matters related to policy making will build their morale and they will be motivated to work for organisational goals. If superiors (decision-makers) and subordinates (decision implementers) make decisions together, it will promote self-control in the organisation.
Way # 2. Work Environment:
If work environment is enlarged and enriched with greater and challenging job responsibilities, it will build employees’ morale and they will work with greater enthusiasm and zeal to attain the organisational goals.
Way # 3. Communication:
The communication system where organisational policies and procedures are communicated from top to bottom and doubts and clarifications flow from bottom to top improves understanding of each others’ view point, boosts morale and simplifies implementation of decisions.
Way # 4. Integration of Individual Goals with Organisational Goals:
People who integrate individual goals with organisational goals look at organisational goals as a means to satisfy individual goals and individual goals as a means to satisfy organisational goals. This integration of goals increases the morale of workers. Conflicts should be reduced to minimum.
This saves expenses on agreements, grievance settlement, consultation etc. and promotes people to think and act in similar direction jointly and responsibly.
Way # 5. Sound Organisation Structure:
A sound organisation structure with well-defined tasks, authority-responsibility relationships, span of control and leadership styles increases workers’ morale and improves their job performance. Flat structure is usually conducive to high morale as vertical channels lengthen the links for flow of information. People are more easily approachable when less number of layers are designed in the organisation structure.
Way # 6. Employee-Oriented Approach:
Managers should emphasize more on employee relations than task relationships. Employees should be allowed to develop to their maximum potential. Employee satisfaction leads to task accomplishment. People should be treated as human beings rather than factors of production.
They should realize their contribution to each other’s output and to output of the organisation. No person, department or organisation can work alone. Combined efforts produce the benefits of synergy and enhance morale of people working as a team.
Way # 7. Job Design:
Job design should enable the workers to work to their fullest potential to maximise their job satisfaction and need satisfaction. Challenging and innovative jobs build the morale of workers with high ‘growth-needs’.
Job should be designed in the way that people love doing their work. It should overcome fatigue and monotony and make the work interesting and challenging. If people like what they are doing, it enhances their morale to contribute to organisational productivity.
Way # 8. Development Facilities:
Recreational, medical, educational, counselling, sports and other welfare facilities enhance growth and development of employees and build their morale to positively contribute to organisational output.