Here is a compilation of essays on ‘Internet’ for class 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Find paragraphs, long and short essays on ‘Internet’ especially written for school and college students.

Essay on the Internet

Essay Contents:

  1. Essay on the History of Internet
  2. Essay on the Tools Needed to Use Internet
  3. Essay on the Importance of Internet
  4. Essay on the Internet and India
  5. Essay on E-Business

Essay # 1. History of Internet:


In the olden days, information travelled very slowly. With the passage of time, quicker ways of sending messages were developed through five distinct stages of information evolution: language → printing—radio and television → computer → internet.

Internet is the fifth and final stage in the recent link-up of computers with the commu­nications. Whatever be the degree of impact on the society, one cannot ignore the fact that the importance of information in the context of globalisation has been growing steadily. Information processing with the support of computers and communications has broadened the horizon of human performance.

Data collection, processing and communication through computers and their linkages have become a culture than an institution.

The Internet is a worldwide network comprising 5 million host companies and 50 million users. It is a conglomeration of smaller networks and other computers connected to each other with telephone circuits which carries business, educational, scientific and personal data.


According to Internet Society (an international organisation, it consists of over 50,000 networks in 1996 in almost every country. If we go by the current rate of growth, it is estimated that by the beginning of the century 200 million people will be connected to the Internet.

Its software runs on all types of computer—DOS-based or UNIX based on others. Its worldwide reach has broken all boundaries of communications and set a stage for global business revolution.

Internet the information superhighway

‘The internet offers something for everyone from a young child to the most ma­tured stock investor’. The information available is as limitless as anyone’s imagination. One can have the access to 50,000 different networks and their numerous data bases and other information services.


Essay # 2. Tools Needed to Use Internet:

The most popular tools on the Internet are: E-Mail, Newsgroup, File Transfer Proto­col, Telnet, Gopher, and World Wide Web.


1. E-Mail (Electronic Mail):

E-Mail is the electronic way to send and receive mails. No paper is involved and a computer sends or receives mails electronically from other computers.

Some of the key features are:

(a) It costs less than Fax or Telephone calls.


(b) It is almost a real time mode.

(c) The client server model dominates.

(d) It provides the comfort of easy and fast editing.

(e) It facilitates working off-line i.e. reading e-mail and composing messages. Two examples of e-mail are voice-data systems and voice mail.


2. Newsgroups:

Newsgroups are like speciality magazines. They define a particular topic for conversation. There are about 5000 newsgroups, each devoted to a very particular subject. Its key feature is that a question whenever posted is read by all the subscribers and information related to a topic is available.

3. File Transfer Protocol (FTP):

FTP is used for sharing information and software on the Internet. For business, it is a cost effective way to deliver electronic documents such as newsletters or catalogues to the Internet users. Any user can transfer a file from another computer to some other’s computer to read and run.


4. Telnet:

Telnet allows anyone to connect directly with other remote computers/ networks on the Internet. It is more functional than FTP as it allows the users to actually work on the network, whereas FTP allows only sending and receiving files. With Telnet, it is possible to access and use Bulletin Board systems, databases, services and files not otherwise available on one’s own computer.

5. Gopher:

Gopher is an information system to organise and distribute information on thousands of computers across Internet. It is a simple software programme that shows someone menus of items to choose from.

Gopher application sends a message out on the Internet and asks for all the documents on other computers that match the keyword in one’s search. For transfers or downloads, one’s computer is just to select the menu item.


6. World Wide Web (WWW):

WWW is the most promising tool to hunt for useful resources on the Internet. The Web is excellently capable of harnessing the full power of Internet. It allows the user to retrieve information from graphic files, video clips and sound tracks, besides text-based files. It contains documents that one can read on-line.

It can also link to other Web documents and can take anyone to a whole different document or any information, stored in graphics or full motion videos, located anywhere in the world as long as it is on the Net. Not only the Web has resources of its own but it allows users to use all the search services.

Essay # 3. Importance of Internet:


Internet provides a vast range of information on:

(i) Business and Finance:

One can have broad range of investment information on stocks, mutual funds, bonds, options, commodities and the money market. One can get detailed information about companies, currencies and commodities in different markets and in geographic locations.

(ii) Research and Reference:

There are bibliographic and full text databases that provide information on anything that one can imagine.

(iii) News Weather and Sports:


Internet keeps up-to-date information on them throughout the world and one can get access to it.

(iv) Travel:

One can have comprehensive and continuously updated information about air flight schedules and fares, can make flight bookings, can get lodging description for 50,000 hotels worldwide and do reservation and can also have up-to-date information on visas, immigrant laws and political environment before-someone embarks on a journey.

Essay # 4. Internet and India:

Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited (VSNL) along with the Department of Telecom­munications (DOT) and Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd. (MTNL) introduced Gateway Internet Access Services (GIAS), in 1995, to make available Internet services anywhere in India on a commercial basis.

The subscribers can access the VSNL network by dialling-up through ordinary telephone connection or leased lines. Internet access software is provided by VSNL.


Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) is available in India and has a low capital cost. Large business firms are in a position to avail of it. Connection costs are proportional to usage time. ISDN can be used for connecting to VSNL’s Internet Service. The system provides intra-city, inter-city and international connections.

Using ISDN, one can call up his/her computer system (in India or abroad), only using a notebook and a telephone. Its popular applications are E-Mail and downloading files and private video conferencing on rental basis.

The ISDN assists in centralisation of documents by:

(i) Managing documents on professional basis,

(ii) Maintaining documents and drawings at a central depository, and

(iii) Incorporating security systems to limit access to others undesired.


The ISDN has the following features:

(i) Large memory and high performance,

(ii) Highly reliable software,

(iii) Excellent graphics,

(iv) Large screen and high resolution monitor,

(v) High quality operating systems, and

(vi) CAD software.

Essay # 5. E-Business:

The two models of doing business electronically are:

(a) Business to consumer (e.g. sale of consumer goods on Internet) and

(b) Business to business.

The Internet technology can be used for:

(i) Connecting extended teams (within and outside the organisation),

(ii) Reaching new and existing customers,

(iii) Building loyalty through customer service, and

(iv) Increasing bottom-line profitability.

The technology required for it are:

(i) E-Mail,

(ii) Workgroups and collaborative computing,

(iii) Intranets—private networks,

(iv) E—Commerce: commerce over internet, and

(v) Digital infrastructure (collection of whole range of technology like security, certification, etc.).

The steps to achieve growth in e-business are two-fold:

(a) Intranet Progression:

(i) Internal e-mail and data posting

(ii) Information management

(iii) Workgroup collaboration

(b) Internet Progression:

(i) External e-mail

(ii) Broadcast medium

(iii) Customer service

The above two steps, when merged, can produce an ‘Extra-net’.

Some of the benefits of doing e-business are:

1. Increase in revenue/profitability with lower manpower/workforce.

2. Better service to existing customers and hence, customer satisfaction.

3. On-line portfolio management and transaction capabilities.