Career planning by individuals is carried out in four phases— (a) Self-appraisal. (b) Information gathering on occupation (c) Goal selection (d) Planning and implementation
First of all, the individual should introspect himself thoroughly. He is helped to do this by counselling, guidance and testing. Feedback from parents, friends, and supervisors can also help the individuals know themselves better. Simulations such as self- directed search can help a person become self-aware.
(b) Information gathering on occupation:
Information on current job opportunities helps individuals in their choices of careers, jobs and employers.
(c) Goal selection:
Every individual, while planning his career, should set the goals sought in career.
The goals may include;
(I)Target salary at different age levels,
(II) Number of persons to be supervised at a specific age,
(III) To attain a title by a certain age,
(IV) Whether or not to own a business at a particular age.
(d) Planning and implementation:
Real career success often requires ‘playing success chess.’ Regular checkpoints are employed to ensure that the goals are achieved on time.