Archive | Techniques of Control

Control of Activities in An Organisation: Meaning, Types and Resistance

After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Meaning of Control 2. Nature of Control 3. Importance 4. Types 5. Behavioural Aspects 6. Resistance 7. Principles. Meaning of Control: Best framed plans, well-designed organisation structures, effective directions and intelligent staff cannot produce results if organisational activities are not controlled scientifically. Authority-responsibility relationships may not […]

Notes on Relationship between Planning and Control

After reading this article you will learn about the relationship between planning and control. Control, a process which ensures actual performance to be in conformity with planned performance draws important link between planning and control. Planning frames organisational goals and objectives. For effective implementation of plans and achievement of goals, organisation structure is designed, official […]

Notes on Features of Effective Control System

This article throws light upon the top eleven features of effective control system. The features are: 1. Future-Oriented 2. Multiple Control System 3. Economical 4. Timeliness 5. Flexible 6. Control of Critical Points 7. Operational 8. Organisational Climate 9. Objective Standards 10. Control by Exception 11. Positive Environment. Feature # 1. Future-Oriented: The control system […]

Consequences of Resistance to Control in Organisation (With Measures)

This article throws light upon the three consequences of resistance to control with measures to overcome it. Consequences of Resistance to Control: Resistance to control results in the following: 1. Delay in work: When employees are not satisfied with the control system, their performance gets reduced. Rather than contributing to organisational goals, they become lethargic […]

Process of Control of Activities In An Organisation : 5 Steps

This article throws light upon the five main steps involved in the process of control. The steps are: 1. Determining the Areas of Control 2. Setting Standards 3. Measurement of Performance 4. Comparison of Performance against Standards 5. Correction of Deviations. Step # 1. Determining the Areas of Control: It is not possible for managers […]

Management by Exception: Meaning, Merits and Principles

After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Meaning of ‘Management by Exception’ 2. Merits of ‘Management by Exception’ 3. Principles. Meaning of ‘Management by Exception’: Trying to control everything may end up in controlling nothing”. Managers cannot control every organisational activity. This is neither desirable nor possible within the frame of time, money […]

Benefits and Limitations of Budgeting

After reading this article you will learn about the benefits and limitations of budgeting. Benefits of Budgeting: Budgeting assists managers at all levels in carrying out planned activities. It has the following benefits: (a) Standards of performance: Budgets provide standards of performance for various periods and sub-periods, Actual performance can be compared against standards at […]

Notes on Quality Circles (QC): Concept, Objectives and Merits

After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Concept of Quality Circles (QC) 2. Objectives of Quality Circles 3. Merits 4. Factors. Concept of Quality Circles (QC): The concept of quality control originated in the U.S. and was taken to Japan by W. Edwards Deming who marked the beginning of revolution in quality control. […]

Top 8 Modern Methods of Control In An Organisation

This article throws light upon the top six modern methods of control exercised in an organisation. The modern methods are: 1. Management Information System (MIS) 2. Management Audit 3. Responsibility Accounting 4. Network Techniques – PERT and CPM 5. Balanced Score Card 6. Ratio Analysis 7. Economic Value Added (EVA) 8. Market Value Added (MVA). […]

Top 6 Traditional Techniques of Control | Organisation

This article throws light upon the top six traditional techniques of control exercised in an organisation. The traditional techniques are: 1. Personal Observation 2. Budgetary Control 3. Break-Even Analysis 4. Financial Statements 5. Statistical Data and Reports 6. Quality Control. Traditional Technique # 1. Personal Observation: This is the simplest way to control organisational activities […]