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Differences between Line and Staff in an Organisation

This article will help you to differentiate between line and staff in an organisation. Difference # 1. Purpose: Perhaps the most important (and obvious) difference between line and staff is purpose : line’s purpose is to work directly toward organisational goals, whereas staff advises and assists. But there are other differences also. Difference # 2. […]

Organisation’s Strategy and Its Design

After reading this article you will learn about the relationship between an organisation’s strategy and its design. Another current approach to organisational design is through the relationship between organisation strategy and organisational design. In the early 1960s, Alfred D. Chandler reached the conclusion that an organisation’s strategy tends to influence its structure. However, the impact […]

Organizational Change: Nature, Process and Types | Management

After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. The Nature of Organisational Change 2. Planned versus Reactive Organisational Changes 3. Managing Change 4. Reactions 5. Process 6. Resistance 7. Overcoming Resistance 8. Types 9. Organisational Decline and Termination. Contents: The Nature of Organisational Change Planned versus Reactive Organisational Changes Managing Organisational Change Reactions to […]

Unlimited and Limited Liability of an Organisation

After reading this article you will learn about unlimited and limited liability of an organisation. Unlimited Liability: In this system, there is no maximum limit of capital which can be collected from debtors in the case of failure of business. The creditors may collect money even from the personal property of the owner. Because of […]

Formal Organisation: Meaning, Features and Limitations

After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Meaning of Formal Organisation 2. Features of Formal Organisation 3. Merits 4. Limitations. Meaning of Formal Organisation: Formal organisation is a well-defined structure of authority and responsibility that defines delegation of authority and relationships amongst the organisational members. It works along pre-defined set of policies, plans, […]

Top 3 Theories of Formal Organisation

This article throws light upon the top three theories of formal organisation. The theories are: 1. Classical Theory 2. Human and Participative Theories 3. Contingency Theory. 1. Classical Theory: It focuses on structure, design and features like specialisation, scalar chain, departmentation, span of control, centralisation/decentralisation etc. The structure is created and people are appointed to […]

Informal Organisation: Meaning, Features and Limitations

After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Meaning of Informal Organisation 2. Features of Informal Organisation 3. Merits 4. Limitations. Meaning of Informal Organisation: As formal organisation grows in size, parallel existence of informal relationships along with formal relationships becomes unavoidable. Informal organisations have always existed with formal organisations. They arise because of […]

Development of Group: 4 Stages

This article throws light upon the four main stages involved in the development of groups. The stages are: 1. Forming 2. Storming 3. Norming 4. Performing. Stage # 1. Forming: The members join to form a group. They get to know each other and find behaviours which are acceptable or unacceptable to other members of […]

3 Main Factors Affecting Group Functions

This article throws light upon the three main factors affecting group functions. The factors are: 1. Group Size 2. Group Composition 3. Group Goals and Tasks. Factor # 1. Group Size: Group size is an important factor that affects functions performed in a group. Smaller groups complete tasks faster than larger ones. They are also […]

Differences between Formal Organisations and Informal Organisations

This article will help you to differentiate between formal organisations and informal organisations. Difference # Formal Organisation: 1. Structure Formally structured authority-responsibility relationships. 2. Emphasis: Official authority-responsibility structure. 3. Power: It is attached to position. 4. Chain of command: The chain is respected and authority is delegated by the top management. 5. Goals: Organisational goals […]

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