Archive | Industries

Brief Note On Evolution of Industry

After reading this article you will learn about the various stages in the evolution of industry. Since the early middle ages there were not many kinds of industries, because the needs of the people were limited. They were only interested in meeting the basic necessities of life such as food, clothing and housing. The people […]

Promotion of Industries in India

After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Role of Managing Agents in the Promotion of Industries 2. Defects in the Promotion of Industries in India 3. Regulation of Promotion Role of Managing Agents in the Promotion of Industries: Promotion of industries in India was started by the British businessmen who realised the importance […]

Application of Economics to Industries

After reading this article you will learn about the application of economics to plants and industrial undertakings. Economics is the science which studies human behaviour as a relationship between ends (objec­tives) and scarce means (limited resources) which have alternative uses. Economics can be divided into two parts: (a) Macro-Economics: Macro-Economics deals with whole economy. It […]

Productivity: Calculation and Factors Affecting It | Industries

After reading this article you will learn about the calculation of productivity and factors affecting it. Calculation of Productivity: Productivity of a production system is analogous to the efficiency of a machine. Just as it is desired to increase the efficiency of a machine, it is also aimed at to raise the productivity within the […]

Procedure for Building Plant Layout: 15 Steps

This article throws light upon the fifteen main steps involved in the procedure for building plant layout. Some of the steps are: 1. Accumulate Basic Data 2. Analyse and Coordinate Basic Data 3. Decide Equipment and Machinery Required 3. Decide Equipment and Machinery Required 4. Select the Material Handling System 5. Sketch Plan of the […]

Factory Building: Types and Construction

After reading this article you will learn about the types and construction of factory building. Types of Factory Buildings: Factory buildings may be classed as follows (refer Fig. 4.20): 1. Single Storey Buildings: Single storey factory buildings with different roof structures such as flat, bow string, etc. Advantages: (a) Easy to expand. (b) Greater flexibility […]

Design of Work Station | Industries

The work station design affects the production rates, efficiency and the accuracy with which an operation can be performed. A work station not only needs space for the worker and the machine, there are plenty of other items which also need accommodation. Space requirements and a few more factors governing a good work station design, […]

5 Main Types of Plant Layout | Industries

This article throws light upon the five main types of layout. The types are: 1. Plant Layout 2. Process Layout 3. Product Layout 4. Combination Layout 5. Fixed Position Layout. Type # 1. Plant Layout: Plant layout means the disposition of the various facilities (equipments, material, manpower, etc.) and services of the plant within the […]

Line Balancing and Its Methods | Industries

After reading this article you will learn about line balancing and its methods. Line Balancing: Line balancing means balancing the line, for example balancing the production line or an assembly line. Suppose there are three machines (work stations) A, B and C, which can process 5, 10 and 15 pieces per unit time respectively and […]

Factors Affecting Plant Location | Industries

This article throws light upon the sixteen main factors affecting plant location. Some of the factors are: 1. Nearness to Raw Material 2. Transport Facilities 3. Nearness to Markets 4. Availability of Labour 5. Availability of Fuel and Power 6. Availability of Water 7. Climatic Conditions 8. Financial and Other Aids 9. Land 10. Community […]