Archive | Decision Making

Classification of Decisions: Top 6 Types

Decisions can be classified in the following ways: 1. Major and Minor Decisions 2. Routine and Strategic Decisions 3. Policy and Operating Decisions 4. Programmed and Un-Programmed Decisions. 5. Departmental and Non-Economic Decisions 6. Organisational and Personal Decisions. Type # 1. Major and Minor Decisions: These can be categorised on the basis of their intensity. […]

Decision under Certainty and Uncertainty

After reading this article you will learn about the decisions taken under certainty and uncertainty. Decision under Certainty: The decisions may be taken when the problems are under certainty i.e., where a complete knowledge about the nature of future conditions is known. Let us take a simple example. It is not uncommon for constructing firms […]

Types of Information System: MIS and DSS

This article throws light upon the two types of information systems needed by organisations to make decisions. The types are: 1. Management Information System (MIS) 2. Decision Support System (DSS). Type # 1. Management Information System: To carry out managerial functions for various functional areas (production, marketing etc.) and integrate them with the external environment […]

Differences between Rational and Non-Rational Models | Decision-Making

This article will help you to differentiate between rational and non-rational models of decision-making. Difference # Rational Models of Decision-Making: 1. Rational models are normative. 2. They are theoretical or unrealistic in nature. 3. Rational models follow deterministic approach to problem-solving. 4. They believe there exists the optimum situation for decision-making. Such a situation is […]

Differences between Individual and Group Decisions

This article will help you to differentiate between individual and group decisions. Difference # Individual Decisions: 1. Decisions are taken by a single individual. 2. Individual decisions are less costly. 3. They are based on limited information gathered by managers. 4. Individual decisions are taken in situations of crisis or emergency. 5. They do not […]

Types of Decisions: Programmed and Non-Programmed

After reading this article you will learn about the programmed and non-programmed decisions. Programmed Decisions: Decisions related to structured situations, where the problem is more or less routine and repetitive in nature are known as programmed decisions. For example, problems related to leave are solved by policy relating to leave rules. Employees who take leave […]

Group Decision-Making: Merits and Limitations

After reading this article you will learn about the merits and limitations of group decision-making. Merits of Group Decision-Making: Group decision-making has the following merits: (a) Pooling of information: Group members collect extensive information and decisions are, therefore, more scientific and accurate. Members pool their knowledge and arrive at decision alternatives which a single individual […]

Top 4 Techniques Adopted by Group Members to Take Decisions

This article throws light upon the top four techniques adopted by group members to take decisions. The techniques are: 1. Meetings 2. Brainstorming 3. Nominal Group Technique 4. Delphi Technique. Technique # 1. Meetings: Meeting is gathering of people to discuss a common issue. Members gather to discuss issues mentioned in the agenda and make […]

Creativity in Decision-Making: Meaning, Process and Components

After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Meaning of Creativity 2. Components of Creativity 3. Process 4. Climate. Meaning of Creativity: Creativity means creating something new. In the context of business, it means creation of new ideas, new method or new product/service. Creativity is the “cognitive process of developing an idea, concept, commodity, […]

Decision Making in an Enterprise: Meaning and Process

After reading this article you will learn about Decision Making in an Enterprise:- 1. Meaning of Decision Making 2. Process of Decision Making. Meaning of Decision Making: To decide means to ‘cut short’, ‘cut-off’ or come to conclusion, A decision is a choice whereby a person forms a conclusion about a situation. A decision represents […]