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9 Major Barriers to Planning | Management

This article throws light upon the nine major barriers to planning in an organisation. The barriers are: 1. Dynamic and Complex Environments 2. Reluctance to Establish Goals 3. Resistance to Change 4. Constraints 5. Time and Expense 6. Psychological Difficulties 7. Technical Problems 8. Misunderstanding 9. Lack of an Appropriate ‘Planning Climate’. Barrier # 1. […]

Comparison between Plan and Planning | Management

This article will help you to learn about the comparison between plan and planning. Management theorists often draw a distinction between plans and planning. Plans are simply statements of the things to be done and the sequence and timing in which they should be done in order to achieve a given end. But planning involves: […]

Planning and Controlling: Relationship | Management

There is a very close link between planning and controlling. This is shown in Fig. 17.2. This is usually the first part of the management process. In the next stage, the organising and leading functions get the actual work of the organisation done, and the controlling function is directly tied back into planning. Fig 17.2 […]

Planning and Controlling: Relationship | Management

There is a very close link between planning and controlling. This is shown in Fig. 17.2. This is usually the first part of the management process. In the next stage, the organising and leading functions get the actual work of the organisation done, and the controlling function is directly tied back into planning. Fig 17.2 […]

8 Important Types of Plans | Management

This article throws light upon the eight important types of plans. The types are: 1. Objectives 2. Policies 3. Rules 4. Procedure 5. Programme 6. Schedules 7. Budget 8. Forecasting. Plans: Type # 1. Objectives: Objectives are plans for the future that will serve to provide direction for subsequent activity. We have a hierarchy of […]

Planning: Meaning, Types and Advantages

After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Meaning of Planning 2. Types of Planning 3. Components 4. Advantages 5. Limitations. Meaning of Planning: Planning is very important for successfulness and the effective performance of an organisation not only for organisations but also for individuals. It is the most basic of all the managerial […]

Top 10 Characteristics of a Good Planning

This article throws light upon the top ten characteristics of good planning. Some of the characteristics are: 1. It is Based on Clearly Defined Objectives 2. It is Simple 3. It Provides for a Proper Analysis and Classification of Action 4. It is Flexible 5. It is Balanced, Practicable and Suitable According to the Size […]

8 Main Steps Involved in Planning Process

This article throws light upon the eight main steps involved in the planning process of an organisation. The steps are: 1. Perception of Opportunities 2. Establishing Objectives 3. Planning Premises 4. Identification of Alternatives 5. Evaluation of Alternatives 6. Choice of Alternative Plans 7. Formulation of Supporting Plan 8. Establishing Sequence of Activities. Step # […]

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